13. 3. 2014. Seminar: Gordana Vuković


Thursday 13 March 2014 at 2 PM
Zvonko Marić Room

Gordana Vuković
Institute of Physics Belgrade

Active Moss Biomonitoring of Air Quality in the Belgrade Urban Area


Active biomonitoring, using moss as transplants, is applied predominantly in urban and industrial areas where naturally growing mosses are usually absent, to achieve information about air pollution. The “moss bags technique” is one of the active biomonitoring methods, where suitable moss species are used for assessment of airborne pollutants (trace elements, polyciclic aromatic hydrocarbons - PAHs, etc.) in urban and other highly polluted areas. It is a flexible and low-cost method to achieve information about air pollution in comparison with an expensive instrument and ongoing equipment maintenance of monitoring stations.

In 2011, in five street canyons and one city tunnel, two experiments were carried out with the aim to evaluate the possibility of using Sphagnum girgensohnii moss bags for investigation of the small scale vertical and horizontal distribution patterns of major and trace elements (Al, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, Sr and Zn).

In 2012, other study was performed in four parking garages in downtown of Belgrade with the aim to provide multi-pollutant assessment. Concentrations of 16 US EPA priority PAHs and 16 major and trace elements were determined in particulate matter samples (PM10). The carcinogenic health risk of employees’ occupational exposure to heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Ni and Pb) and PAHs (B[a]A, Cry, B[b]F, B[k]F, B[a]P and DB[ah]A) was estimated. A possibility of using Sphagnum girgensohnii moss bags for monitoring of trace element air pollution in semi-enclosed spaces was evaluated as well.

In 2013, the project “Active biomonitoring of heavy metals and other elements in the air of Belgrade using moss bag technique” was carried out in order to get insight into the air quality assessment of the city of Belgrade. The content of 17 heavy metals and other elements were determined in the moss exposed at 160 measuring sites.


1. G. Vukovic, M. Anicic Uroševic, I. Razumenic, Z. Goryainova, M. Frontasyeva, M.
Tomaševic, A. Popovic (2013): Active moss biomonitoring of small-scale spatial
distribution of airborne major and trace elements in the Belgrade urban area,
Environmental Science and Pollution Research 20:5461–5470

2. G. Vukovic, M. Anicic Uroševic, I. Razumenic, M. Kuzmanoski, M. Pergal, S. Škrivanj,
A. Popovic(2013): Air quality in urban parking garages (PM10, major and trace elements,
PAHs): instrumental measurements vs. active moss biomonitoring, Atmospheric
Environment, in press

3. „Активни биомониторинг тешких метала и других елемената у ваздуху Београда коришћењем врећица с маховином (moss bag technique)“, завршни извештај, 2013.